Galería | Conoce algunas de las 380 nuevas especies descubiertas en el Amazonas

  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a specimen of the new species of dolphin Inia araguaiaensis which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Gabriel MELO SANTOS / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / GABRIEL MELO SANTOS / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a male specimen of the new species of fish Papiliolebias ashleyae which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Dalton NIELSEN / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / DALTON NIELSEN / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a specimen of the new species of fish Geophagus mirabilis which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Oliver LUCANO / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / OLIVER LUCANO / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a specimen of the new species of fish Maratecoara gesmonei which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Dalton NIELSEN / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / DALTON NIELSEN / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a specimen of the new species of Apistogramma kullanderi which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Jose BIRINDELLI / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / JOSE BIRINDELLI / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
  • Undated handout picture taken at an undisclosed location released by WWF Brazil on August 30, 2017 showing a specimen of primate Calicebus miltoni which was included in the 2014-2015 Report of New Species of Vertebrates and Plants of the Amazon. A total of 381 new species, including 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 1 bird, 20 mammals and 2 fossils were described in the research carried out by the Living Amazon Initiative of the WWF Network and the Mamiraua Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM). / AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL / Adriano GAMBARINI / RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE - MANDATORY CREDIT "AFP PHOTO / WWF BRAZIL /ADRIANO GAMBARINI / HO" - NO MARKETING NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS - DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS
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La lista incluye 216 plantas, 93 peces, 32 anfibios, 19 reptiles, un ave y 20 mamíferos.

Como una de las regiones del mundo más ricas en biodiversidad, desde el 2010, en promedio se han registrado el hallazgo de una nueva especie cada dos días en la selva amazónica, que está compartida por nueve países.

En total, en los últimos dos años se han encontrado unas 380 especies de plantas y animales en la Amazonia, esto, según un informe del Fondo Mundial para la Vida Silvestre (WWF) y el Instituto Mamirauá presentado en Sao Paulo, Brasil.

El balance 2014-2015 indica que, como media, se descubrieron en este período 190 especies al año, una tasa mayor a la acumulada en los balances de 1999-2009, que fue de 111 especies nuevas al año y de 2010-2013, cuando se alcanzó una media de 147 especies nuevas al año.

El documento destaca que el número de estos hallazgos se incrementó en los últimos años gracias a mayores inversiones en investigación. “Estamos llegando al nivel de recursos que teníamos hace 20 años y eso se va a reflejar en nuestros próximos informes”, lamentó Ricardo Mello, coordinador del programa de Amazonia de la WWF.

 

¿Por qué es importante?

La WWF indica que el registro de nuevas especies es importante ya que este puede guiar el establecimiento de áreas protegidas para salvaguardar la vida silvestre y las comunidades que dependen de estos recursos, medidas relevantes para el manejo ambiental y de los recursos naturales.

 

DATO:

Esta es la tercera edición del informe del Fondo Mundial para la Vida Silvestre (WWF), que registró más de 2,000 nuevas especies en los últimos 17 años.

 


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